Types of laboratory tests, laboratory tests are the cornerstone of modern medicine, enabling healthcare professionals to diagnose, monitor, and treat a wide range of medical conditions.
Clinical laboratory tests are the most common and encompass a wide array of diagnostic assessments. These tests play a crucial role in healthcare, assisting healthcare professionals in making accurate diagnoses, monitoring disease progression, and assessing the effectiveness of treatments.
Chemistry panels evaluate blood chemistry, including levels of glucose, electrolytes, and enzymes. They are essential for diagnosing conditions like diabetes, kidney disease, and liver function.
Urinalysis examines the composition of urine, detecting signs of kidney disease, diabetes, urinary tract infections, and more.
These tests assess the blood’s ability to clot and are crucial for patients on blood-thinning medications or with clotting disorders.
Microbiology laboratories focus on the identification and analysis of microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, and fungi. Some common types of laboratory tests conducted in microbiology labs include:
These tests grow and identify bacteria from a clinical sample, such as blood, urine, or sputum. Sensitivity testing helps determine the most effective antibiotics for treatment.
Molecular laboratory tests focus on the genetic and molecular aspects of health. They include:
DNA sequencing identifies genetic mutations and variations, aiding in the diagnosis of genetic disorders and cancer susceptibility.
PCR is a technique for amplifying DNA, often used to detect infectious agents like viruses and bacteria.
Types of laboratory tests are conducted in different types of laboratories, including clinical labs, research labs, and diagnostic labs. Clinical labs primarily focus on patient care, while research labs contribute to the advancement of medical knowledge.
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