Types of Laboratory Tests

Types of laboratory tests, laboratory tests are the cornerstone of modern medicine, enabling healthcare professionals to diagnose, monitor, and treat a wide range of medical conditions. 

Clinical laboratory tests are the most common and encompass a wide array of diagnostic assessments. These tests play a crucial role in healthcare, assisting healthcare professionals in making accurate diagnoses, monitoring disease progression, and assessing the effectiveness of treatments.

Clinical Laboratory Tests:

Blood tests, or haematological tests, are performed to assess various aspects of blood health, such as complete blood count (CBC), blood chemistry, and blood typing. These tests help diagnose anaemia, infections, and blood disorders.

Blood Tests:

Chemistry panels evaluate blood chemistry, including levels of glucose, electrolytes, and enzymes. They are essential for diagnosing conditions like diabetes, kidney disease, and liver function.

Chemistry Panels:

Urinalysis examines the composition of urine, detecting signs of kidney disease, diabetes, urinary tract infections, and more.


These tests assess the blood’s ability to clot and are crucial for patients on blood-thinning medications or with clotting disorders.

Coagulation Studies:

Microbiology laboratories focus on the identification and analysis of microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, and fungi. Some common types of laboratory tests conducted in microbiology labs include:

Microbiology Laboratory Tests:

These tests grow and identify bacteria from a clinical sample, such as blood, urine, or sputum. Sensitivity testing helps determine the most effective antibiotics for treatment.

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Culture and Sensitivity Tests:

These tests measure the quantity of a specific virus in the blood, helping manage conditions like HIV and hepatitis.

Viral Load Tests:

Mycology laboratories study fungi, diagnosing fungal infections through sample cultures and microscopic examination.

Mycology Tests:

Pathology lab tests involve the examination of tissues, cells, and bodily fluids to detect diseases and other health conditions. Let’s explore some common types of laboratory tests and their significance in healthcare.

Pathology Laboratory Tests:

Molecular laboratory tests focus on the genetic and molecular aspects of health. They include:

Molecular Laboratory Tests:

DNA sequencing identifies genetic mutations and variations, aiding in the diagnosis of genetic disorders and cancer susceptibility.

DNA Sequencing:

PCR is a technique for amplifying DNA, often used to detect infectious agents like viruses and bacteria.

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PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction):

Types of laboratory tests are conducted in different types of laboratories, including clinical labs, research labs, and diagnostic labs. Clinical labs primarily focus on patient care, while research labs contribute to the advancement of medical knowledge.

Different Types of Laboratories:

Contact Information:

ARUNA CLINICAL LABORATORY & X-RAYS #175, Lalbagadur Sastri Street, (Bussy St.,),  Opposite to Chinnakadai, PUDUCHERRY - 605 001.

0413 2228244 | 22227349 | 4200654 info@arunalab.com